Plantar fasciitis is a ailment in the foot that affects the tendon which runs from the heel towards the front foot. It is one of the more common problems treated by podiatrists . This can be probably the most frequent reasons for pain in the heel and foot which produces a stabbing pain you may experience with your beginning steps getting out of bed each day. As soon as your foot warms up the pain will usually improve. Nevertheless, soon after standing on the feet for long durations, or sitting down for lengthy periods and then standing up again, the pain sensation returns. The pain arises from the plantar fascia, or extended thin ligament which lies directly beneath the skin of your foot and connects the heel to your ball of the foot. Its purpose is to secure the arch of the feet.
One of the more common causes of the pain is foot arch conditions. People with flat feet or who have highly arched feet may both suffer a greater likelihood of this problem as the plantar fascia is abnormally stretched or tight to produce the impact moderation to the foot. Overpronation when walking and running may also make the foot to flatten abnormally during that activity. Structural conditions of the foot could also lead to overpronation and stretching of the plantar fascia. These issues include ankle joint tightness (restricted ankle motion), forefoot varus, leg length discrepancies and tibia vara (slight bow legs). Long distance runners or athletes who abruptly modify the quantity of miles they are running – like runners, football players, basketball athletes or weekend warriors – are at risk for plantar fasciitis due to the sudden alteration of mileage or intensity. Footwear that will not provide the appropriate arch support to the feet – particularly for individuals who have overpronation – might raise the risk of acquiring the condition. Quick weight gain as with pregnancy, or those who are overweight or obese can also get a greater probability of plantar fasciitis.
In the course of diagnosis and while prescribing treatment your podiatrist can decide that your calf muscles are restricted. This tight tendon will likely put excessive stress on the fascia while increasing the potential risk of development along with slow the rehab from plantar fasciitis. A tight calf muscle or Achilles tendon can create a situation in which there is higher speed pronation which produces a repetitive overstretching of the plantar fascia. The pain from the condition commonly develops gradually with time rather than all of a sudden. Your doctor may also want to take x-rays or bone scan of your foot to make sure that the bone had not separated, so you were also affected by a stress fracture of the calcaneus.