Childhood development is also defined as the biological, emotional, and psychological changes that occur in between the birth of the child to the age of his adolescence. During this period the child's life progress from complete dependency to the increasing levels of autonomy. Have a peek at http://www.lemanmanhattan.org/boarding/overview-and-benefits, if you want more info on early childhood development.
Genetics and prenatal development are considered a part of child development studies because developmental changes are typically influenced by genetics. Additionally, these changes occur based on a genetically-controlled process that is referred to as maturation.
Since each period in a child's development feature specific differences based on when these periods start and finish, they have their own separate definitions or descriptions such as:
1) Newborn – 0 to 1 month
2) Infant – 1 month to 1 year
3) Toddler – 1 to 3 years
4) Preschooler – 4 to 6 years
5) School age – 6 to 13 years
6) Adolescence – 13 to 20 years
As a child's optimal development is vital to society, it is important that you understand the cognitive, educational, emotional, and social development of the child.
In the area of childhood development, there are basically five distinct domains that are all interrelated. Oftentimes referred to as the "SPICE" of life, these domains are:
Social – this includes the ability to create long-term relationships, co-operate and share, form attachments, and play with others
Physical – involves the development of "fine" or smaller motor skills and "gross" or larger ones
Intellectual – the child's processing and making sense out of the world surrounding them
Creative – the development of creativity by using special abilities and talents such as Art, Music, Reading, Singing, and Writing
Emotional – is the development of coping mechanisms for emotions and feelings in order to understand them while at the same time developing self-awareness and self-confidence.